from Southern Canada south throughout the United States, east of the Rocky Mountains all the way to Texas and further south into Mexico.
In between 7 and 11 centimeter
depending on local conditions, 1 (May to August) or 2 (March to October) flights annually, in captivity often 2. Pupae overwinter.
Fraxinus (best), Ligustrum and Syringa are well accepted alternatives
Very easy and suitable for newcomers. Fast growing when kept warm, ready to pupate within less then 4 weeks. Keep in spacious, well ventilated plastic containers when young, but move to a netted cage when older. This species is voracious and requires large quantities of food, something to keep in mind. The pupal stage in between two summer flights is short (around 3 weeks). The pupae overwinter in the fridge.